|Why register .ir?
|Iran, also referred to as 'Persia' to foreign governments, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is located in Western Asia and borders Armenia, Azerbaijan by the Caspian Sea. Tehran is the capital city is a cultural hub and leading economy with the population of over 8.8 million. Iran is the second largest country in the Middle East and 17th largest in the world. Iran is known for its mountainous, arid landscape, handsome architecture, lush gardens and parks. Iran is a centre of education, culture rich heritage, and commerce.
If you conduct business from Iran it is time to register a .ir domain extension. Registering a dot 'IR' country code extension (top level domain name) will increase credibility for your business across the globe. Why? Country-code domains are meant specifically for businesses that do business within a particular country--in this case, Iran. The .com domain (and other generic TLDs) are not targeted and that online space is saturated--and you likely already have the .com for your business.
Extend your brand presence with a more relevant, shorter domain--a ccTLD that differentiates you from competitors. Identify yourself as an official Iranian business owner and give your clients and constituents more confidence as they interact with you online. Country code domains also help you rank higher in local search results.
Organizations legally represented within the geographical boundary of IRAN.
Organizations connected with the legal representations of IRAN abroad.
Individuals residing officially in IRAN.
Other individuals or organizations engaged in activity connected with Iranian interests
or transnational activity not in conflict with the laws and practices of the Islamic
Republic of Iran.
IRANET reserves the right of determination, within national legal limits and normal
international practice, of whether an applicant fulfills one of the above criteria.
For the purpose of domain name reservation, IRANET may waive the above requirements if
the applicant presents sufficient evidence that it is in the process of establishing
IRANET may ask for documents or other evidence supporting the requested classification.
names longer than 63 characters, and certain other names are forbidden or reserved as domain
The requested domain name should refer in a reasonable way to the name of the
organization/company/individual for whom the registration is sought.
A. Who May Apply?
1. Organizations legally represented within the geographic boundary of Iran.
2. Individuals residing officially in Iran.
3. Organizations connected with the official representations of Iran abroad.
4. Other individuals or organizations whose activity and the use of the domain name are not in conflict with the laws, practices and interests of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
B Application Procedure
By filling out and submitting the Domain Application Form, the applicant acknowledges the acceptance of the Registration Agreement (see paragraph 1.6 of Terms and Conditions) in full. If the rules and conditions described in C through H below are met, then the application is complete and will be processed. Note that for certain registrations (see E, F, G and H below), additional documents may be required. As part of the requirement for filling out the above form, at least one Domain Name Server (DNS) must be set up and its IP number be provided in the form. It is highly recommended that at least one additional DNS be also utilized and its IP number be recorded in the Domain Application Form.
C. Domain Format
A The following rules pertaining to the characters used in the domain name
must be observed:
B The only allowable characters are the 26 letters of the Latin alphabet,
digits 0 through 9 and hyphen (-). Letters are NOT case-sensitive. No
empty space is allowed.
C Domain names must be at least 3 and at most 63 characters long.
Hyphens cannot be used as the first or the last character of the domain
name, nor can they be used simultaneously as the third and the fourth
D. Types of Domain
Two types of domain names are available under .ir:
1. Domains of the form mydomain.ir; here 'mydomain' is called a Second
Level Domain (SLD). Rules pertaining to SLDs are described in E below.
2. Domains of the form mydomain.*.ir, where * is from a pre-established list
of SLDs selected by IRNIC. Here 'mydomain' is called a Third Level
Domain. The currently available list of SLDs and the requirements for
Registration under these are described in F below.
In general, the requirements for third level registration are more restrictive,
but their Initiation Fee is lower (see Appendix 3).
E. Rules for mydomain.ir
Any allowable domain (see C above) EXCEPT the following may be used as a second level domain:
1. Restricted or Forbidden Domains (see H below).
2. Two-character domains.
3. Generic- and Sponsored Top Level Domains. The current set of these top level
domains is comprised of the following 15: aero, arpa, biz, com, coop, edu,
gov, info, int, mil, museum, name, net, org and pro.
4. Generic Internet-related names. For a current list, click here.
5. Names and codes of provinces, cities and towns in Iran. These are reserved
for respective administrative units (click here for the list).
6. Names of national significance such as names of famous personalities, events, natural features and resources of the country. These are reserved for appropriate applicants as designated by the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance.
F. Rules for mydomain.*.ir
The following are the currently available SLDs under which a third level domain can be registered. Special requirements for each are noted. In each case the domain name must closely reflect the official name of the applicant.
.ac.ir For academic organizations licensed by the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology, the Ministry of Health and Medical Education, The Supervisory Council of Islamic Seminaries, or the Supreme Council of Cultural Revolution. The applicant must provide a copy of official license by fax, mail or email attachment at the time of submitting the Domain Application Form.
.co.ir For registered commercial companies. The applicant must provide a copy of currently valid proof of registration (such as Ruznaameye Rasmi) by fax, mail or email attachment at the time of submitting the Domain Application Form.
.gov.ir For administrative bodies and organizations under the executive, legislative or judiciary branches of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The applicant must provide a letter from a responsible authority of the organization on official letterhead by fax, mail or email attachment at the time of submitting the Domain Application Form.
.id.ir For individuals with Iranian citizenship or legal residence. The applicant must provide proof of citizenship or residence (such as the first page of Shenaasnaame) by fax, mail or email attachment at the time of submitting the Domain Application Form.
.net.ir For official ISPs or other entities whose statutes provide for network services. The applicant must provide copy of ISP license or statutes by fax, mail or email attachment at the time of submitting the Domain Application Form.
.org.ir For registered not-for-profit companies and associations, learned societies, international organizations and the like. The applicant must provide copy of currently valid proof of registration or statutes by fax, mail or email attachment at the time of submitting the Domain Application Form.
.sch.ir For schools, institutes and other academic organizations under the license of the Ministry of Education of Iran. The applicant must provide official proof of such status on official letterhead by fax, mail or email attachment at the time of submitting the Domain Application Form.
G. Modification and Transfer
Most modifications to the data submitted at the time of registration can be carried out using the Modification Form by the person or organization that possesses the modification password supplied at the time of submitting the Domain Registration Form. The following, however, are to be noted:
1. A change of Registrant amounts to a transfer of assignment of the domain name. Both the transferor and the transferee must submit their request for such a transaction and the transferee must possess the qualifications for holding the domain in question. In such a transaction the transferee pays the equivalent of a one-year renewal fee (see Appendix 3) as the transfer charge.
2. A change of the Administrative Contact is possible only by an officially signed letter of the Registrant.
3. The Administrative Contact is empowered to change the Technical Contact and the Billing Contact.
A change in the Domain Name amounts to a new registration.
H. Restricted or Forbidden Names
1. Applicants for names of religious significance must provide written approval of the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance.
2. Domain names that suggest illegal activity or are publicly offensive are forbidden.
The following pertain to all Internet domain registrations under the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) .ir, whether directly under .ir or under second level domains .*.ir offered by IRNIC (see Appendix 1: Domain Rules for the currently available second level domains).
Persons or organizations appointed by the Registrant to fulfill the following functions:
1.1.1 Administrative Contact: Means the person or organization responsible for a Domain Name and to whom all enquiries relating to the Domain Name may be sent.
1.1.2 Technical Contact: Means the person or organization responsible for the technical maintenance of the Domain Name Server of the Registrant and to whom technical questions and instructions may be addressed.
1.1.3 Billing Contact: Means the person or organization responsible for making any payments due under this Registration Agreement to IRNIC.
1.2 Domain Name:
Means the domain name assigned by IRNIC to the Registrant.
1.3 Domain Name Application:
Means the form published by IRNIC for the purposes of soliciting information from persons or entities seeking to register an Internet Domain Name.
1.4 Domain Rules:
Means the IRNIC Rules for the Domain and Sub-Domain appearing as Appendix 1: Domain Rules .
1.5 IRNIC Dispute Resolution Policy:
Means the Dispute Resolution Policy for Internet Domain Names registered under .IR published online at Dispute Resolution Policy
1.6 Registration Agreement:
Means the totality of the following:
Domain Application Form
Terms and Conditions for the Registration of an Internet domain name under .IR including the following appendices:
Appendix 1: Domain Rules ,
Appendix 2: WHOIS Policy ,
Appendix 3: Registration Fee , and
Appendix 4: Renewal Policy and Procedure .
IRNIC Dispute Resolution Policy
Means the person or entity in whose name the domain name has been registered.
Means all information supplied by the Registrant and contained within a Registrar data record.
1.9 Registration Fee
Shall mean the fees specified in the schedule annexed hereto in Appendix 3: Registration Fee to be paid in connection with an application to register a domain name.
Means a database containing the zone file(s) of one or more Internet domain names, including lower-level domain names, corresponding Internet Protocol addresses and related data.
1.11 Renewal Fee
Means the fee specified in the schedule annexed hereto in Appendix 3: Registration Fee and Appendix 4: Renewal Policy and Procedure to be paid in connection with the renewal of a domain name registration.
These Terms and Conditions shall apply to any application to register an Internet domain name with IRNIC or its agents and the subsequent registration and use, direct or indirect, of the Domain Name.
By completing and submitting a Domain Name Application for consideration and acceptance by IRNIC, the Registrant acknowledges that he has read the Terms and Conditions and agrees to be bound by the Registration Agreement including these Terms and Conditions.
3. Fees and Payments
As consideration for the registration of the Domain Name the Registrant agrees to pay the Registration Fee and, when applicable, the Renewal Fee.
There will be no obligation to activate or renew the registration of a Domain Name, as the case may be, unless and until full payment for the service has been received.
Except as specified herein, all payments made in connection with the registration of the Domain Name, or the renewal of the Domain Name registration, shall be non-refundable.
In the event that the billing contact fails to make the due payment, IRNIC shall have the right to recover the payment from the Registrant.
The Registration Fee and the Renewal Fee, as the case may be, shall be paid by such means and methods as may be specified from time to time by IRNIC.
4. Accuracy of Information
For the purposes of applying to register the Domain Name, the Registrant shall be required to provide the information requested in the Domain Name Application. IRNIC shall take reasonable precautions to protect all such information from loss, misuse, unauthorized access or disclosure, alteration or destruction.
By applying to register a Domain Name, the Registrant represents and warrants that, to the best of the Registrant's knowledge and belief, any information provided in the Domain Name Application is true and correct.
The Registrant represents and warrants that any future changes to the information provided in the Domain Name Application required to maintain its accuracy shall be provided to IRNIC in an expeditious manner in accordance with the domain name modification procedures in place at that time.
IRNIC shall have no obligation to screen information submitted by the Registrant to determine the accuracy of the information held by IRNIC nor to determine whether the information may infringe upon the right(s) of a third party, but may rely on the representations and warranties provided by the Registrant. The Registrant agrees that, by the registration of the Domain Name, such registration does not confer immunity from objection to either the registration or use of the Domain Name by any party.
IRNIC reserves the right to cancel the Domain Name if this Registration Agreement, or subsequent modification(s) thereto, contains false or misleading information, or conceals or omits any information IRNIC would likely have considered material to its decision to accept the Domain Name Application and assign the Domain Name to the Registrant.
A Registrant's willful provision of inaccurate or unreliable information, its willful failure promptly to update information provided to IRNIC, or its failure to respond for over fifteen (15) calendar days to inquiries by IRNIC concerning the accuracy of contact details associated with the Domain Name shall constitute a material breach of the Registration Agreement and shall be a basis for cancellation of the registration of the Domain Name.
The Registrant represents and warrants that it has exercised its best efforts to determine that neither the registration of the Domain Name nor the manner in which it will be directly or indirectly used shall infringe upon or otherwise violate the legal rights of any third party.
The Registrant represents and warrants that, to the best of the Registrant's knowledge, the registration and use, direct or indirect, of the Domain Name does not and will not violate any applicable laws or regulations.
In the event the Registrant licenses the use of the Domain Name to a third party, the Registrant shall nonetheless continue to be considered the holder of record of the Domain Name with all the obligations thereof unless the registration is officially transferred to the new licensee.
IRNIC may, upon notification by any entity of an inaccuracy in the information provided in the Domain Name Application, or as a matter of routine periodic check, take reasonable steps to investigate accuracy of the data provided by the Registrant. In the event IRNIC ascertains that inaccurate information has been provided, it shall take reasonable steps to correct any such inaccuracy.
IRNIC's remedies against the Registrant for any breach of the above clause shall continue to be available notwithstanding any modification, surrender, cancellation or transfer of the registration of the Domain Name.
By submitting the Domain Name Application and in the event that the Domain Name is registered, the Registrant, the agent (where applicable) and the contacts (as defined in 1.1, 1.2 and 1.3) hereby give their consent to the inclusion of certain items relating to their identity and access information in the WHOIS service provided by IRNIC. The applicable items are detailed in Appendix 2: WHOIS Policy as they appear at the time of registration. In the event that national laws and regulations or global Internet requirements necessitate the addition of new items in the WHOIS, the Registrant shall have the option of canceling its registration and being refunded for the unused portion of the Registration Fee.
The WHOIS service above is open to the members of the public for the purpose of obtaining information about the registration of the Domain Name or any other related purpose.
6. First Come, First Served
IRNIC shall register qualified domain names on a first come, first served basis. IRNIC will not take any steps in reliance upon the prospective registration of a domain name before it becomes a registration entered in the Register of Domain Names.
7. Right of Refusal
IRNIC, in its sole and absolute discretion, reserves the right to refuse to register a domain name.
The Registrant agrees that the submission of an application to register a domain name does not in any way obligate IRNIC.
The Registrant agrees that IRNIC shall not be liable for loss or damages that may result from IRNIC's refusal to accept an application by the Registrant to register a domain name.
In the event an application is not accepted, IRNIC undertakes to notify promptly the Registrant or the Registrant's agent and return any payments received.
8. Dispute Policy
In the event that the Domain Name is registered, the Registrant agrees to be bound by the IRNIC Dispute Resolution Policy which is incorporated herein by reference and made a part hereof. The version of the Dispute Policy currently in effect can be found at: Dispute Resolution Policy.
The Registrant agrees that any dispute arising out of or in connection with the registration and use of the Domain Name shall be subject to the provisions specified in IRNIC Dispute Resolution Policy.
Registrant agrees that if this Registration Agreement is completed by an agent for the Registrant, such as an ISP or one of the Contacts, the Registrant is nonetheless bound as a principal by all terms of the Registration Agreement.
The acceptance of the Registration Agreement by any agent for the Registrant (whether by e-mail or other means) shall bind such agent as if he were a principal to the Registration Agreement.
The Registrant agrees that failure to abide by any provision of the Registration Agreement may be considered by IRNIC to be a material breach and that IRNIC may provide a written notice, describing the breach, to the Registrant. If, within thirty (30) days of the date of mailing such notice, the Registrant fails to provide evidence, which is reasonably satisfactory to IRNIC that it has not breached its obligations, then IRNIC may delete Registrant's registration of the Domain Name without any refund entitlements for the Registrant and without prejudice to any other remedies to which IRNIC may be entitled. Any such breach by a Registrant shall not be deemed to be excused simply because IRNIC did not act earlier in response to that, or any other, breach by the Registrant.
11. Cancellations, Transfers, and Changes
IRNIC reserves the right to cancel, transfer or otherwise make changes to domain name registrations under the following circumstances:
IRNIC's receipt of written or appropriate electronic instructions from the Registrant or authorized agent of the Registrant to take such action (see Appendix 1: Domain Rules for current rules and procedures);
IRNIC's receipt of an order from a court or arbitral tribunal, in each case of competent jurisdiction, requiring such action;
IRNIC's receipt of a decision of an Administrative Panel requiring such action in any administrative proceeding to which the Registrant was a party and which was conducted under the IRNIC Dispute Resolution Policy or a later version of the Policy adopted by IRNIC.
IRNIC also reserves the right to cancel, transfer or otherwise make changes to the Domain Name registration in accordance with other legal requirements.
12. Limitation of Liability
The Registrant agrees that IRNIC shall have no liability to the Registrant for any loss or damages:
in connection with IRNIC's processing of the Domain Name Application; or
in connection with IRNIC's processing of any authorized modification to the Domain Name record during the period of any registration; or
resulting from the refusal of IRNIC to accept any application for registration (save to refund any fee paid by the Registrant to the IRNIC); or
as the result of any failure on the part of the Registrant's agent to pay either the Registration Fee or the Renewal Fee; or
as a result of the application of IRNIC Dispute Resolution Policy
The Registrant agrees that in no circumstances shall IRNIC be liable for any loss of profit, loss of business or anticipated savings suffered by the Registrant howsoever incurred.
The Registrant agrees that the IRNIC shall not be liable for any loss of registration or loss of use of the Domain Name, or for interruption of business, or any indirect, special, incidental or consequential losses of any kind (including lost profits) whether in contract, tort (including negligence) or otherwise.
Without prejudice to the foregoing the Registrant agrees that any liability of IRNIC to the Registrant shall not exceed the Registration Fee paid by the Registrant to IRNIC for the current period of registration.
The Registrant agrees that it is technically impracticable to provide services free of faults and IRNIC does not undertake to do so.
The Registrant shall hold IRNIC and any of its directors, officers, employees and agents harmless from any claim by a third party arising out of or in connection with (i) the registration and use of a domain name, or (ii) the implementation by IRNIC of any order or decision issued under IRNIC Dispute Resolution Policy. Such claims shall include, without limitation, those based upon intellectual property trademark or service mark infringement, trade name infringement, dilution, tortious interference with contract or prospective business advantage, unfair competition, defamation or injury to business reputation. Such obligation shall continue in effect after the termination of this Registration Agreement.
14. Intellectual Property Rights
IRNIC does not accept any responsibility for the registration and use of the Domain Name or information generally held in the Registry and, in particular, for any conflict with trade marks, registered or unregistered, or with any other intellectual property rights.
15. Modification or Surrender of Domain Name
The Registrant (either directly or via an agent) may modify or surrender the registration of the Domain Name in accordance with the procedures put in place by IRNIC for such purposes (see Appendix 1: Domain Rules for current rules and procedures).
The Registrant may terminate this Registration Agreement before its expiration by requesting IRNIC to delete the Domain Name from the Registry in accordance with the procedures established by IRNIC for such purposes.
IRNIC may terminate this Registration Agreement before its expiration in the event that IRNIC determines, in its sole discretion, that there was a material misrepresentation, material inaccuracy or materially misleading statement in the information provided in the Domain Name Application or in any subsequent modification thereof.
Termination of the Registration Agreement shall not determine rights and obligations between the parties which are of a continuing nature nor shall modification, surrender, cancellation or transfer of the Domain Name extinguish any rights which have accrued under the terms of the Registration Agreement.
The Registration Agreement may be assigned by IRNIC. The Registrant may assign the Registration Agreement subject to any change made pursuant to Article18 below, and transfer the registration of the Domain Name, by strict adherence to the procedure in force at the time of transfer and payment of the appropriate transfer fee applicable at the time of the transfer. No other method of assignment is permitted.
18. Renewal or Transfer
IRNIC may vary the terms and conditions of the Registration Agreement on renewal or transfer of the registration of the Domain Name. All assignments and renewals shall be pursuant to the Registration Agreement current at the time of the transfer or renewal and, in the case of a transfer, as agreed by the transferor.
Upon the expiration of the registration agreement, the domain will be suspended unless prior arrangement for renewal or cancellation has been made. A one-month grace period will then be in effect during which time the former Registrant will have the option of renewing or canceling the registration. Current procedure is spelled out in Appendix 4: Renewal Policy and Procedure to this document.
19. Governing Law
This Registration Agreement shall be governed in all respects by and construed in accordance with the laws of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
20. Disputes between IRNIC and Registrant
Any dispute, controversy or claim arising under, out of or relating to the Registration Agreement and any subsequent amendments of this Registration Agreement, including, without limitation, its formation, validity, binding effect, interpretation, performance, breach or termination, as well as non-contractual claims, shall be referred to the courts of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Except as otherwise provided in this clause any notice to be given under the Registration Agreement shall only be deemed to be served if delivered by hand or sent by pre-paid first class post, by fax or e-mail, to the party to whom it is given at its last known postal or e-mail address or fax number. The notice will be effective: if delivered by hand, on delivery; if sent by fax or e-mail, or transmittal; and if sent by post, on the tenth day after posting.
Any notices to the Registrant concerning a dispute under the provisions of the IRNIC Dispute Resolution Policy shall be validly delivered if sent by e-mail to the address of the Administrative Contact as specified in the Domain Name Application.
Nothing contained in the Registration Agreement shall be construed as creating any agency, partnership or other form of joint enterprise between IRNIC and the Registrant or between the Registrant and a third party.
In the event that any provision of the Registration Agreement shall be found to be unenforceable or invalid under the applicable law or be so held by any applicable decision of a Court, the remaining provisions shall not be affected and shall continue to be binding. IRNIC shall use its best endeavors within one (1) month of being notified that any such provision is unenforceable or invalid as aforesaid to substitute a valid and enforceable provision which achieves, to the extent possible, the original objectives and intent of IRNIC as reflected in the original provision.
24. Clause Headings
Clause headings are for ease of reference and are not part of this Agreement and accordingly shall not affect its interpretation.
25. Entirety of Understanding
The Registrant agrees that this Registration Agreement is the complete and exclusive agreement between the Registrant and IRNIC regarding the registration of the Domain Name. This Registration Agreement, supersedes all prior agreements and understandings, whether established by custom, practice, policy, or precedent. Except where provided otherwise in this Registration Agreement, no variation may be made to the Registration Agreement unless such is in writing and signed by a duly authorized representative of the Registrant and IRNIC.
This policy is between IRNIC and its customer (the domain-name holder or registrant). Thus, the policy uses "we" and "our" to refer to IRNIC and it uses "you" and "your" to refer to the domain-name holder.
This .ir Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (the "Policy") has been adopted by .ir domain name registration authority ("IRNIC"), is incorporated by reference into your Registration Agreement, and sets forth the terms and conditions in connection with a dispute between you and any party other than us over the registration and use of an Internet domain name under the top level domain .ir registered by you. Proceedings under Paragraph 4 of this Policy will be conducted according to the Rules for .ir Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (the "Rules of Procedure"), which are available at: Rules of Procedure, and the selected administrative-dispute-resolution service provider's supplemental rules. The adoption of proceedings delineated under Paragraph 4 of this document in no way compromise the applicability of the laws of the Islamic Republic of Iran relevant to matters discussed here or otherwise applicable to Internet domain names under .ir .
2. Your Representations
By applying to register a domain name, or by asking us to maintain or renew a domain name registration, you hereby represent and warrant to us that:
The statements that you made in your Registration Agreement are complete and accurate;
To your knowledge, the registration of the domain name will not infringe upon or otherwise violate the rights of any third party;
You are not registering or will not use the domain name for an unlawful purpose; and
You will not knowingly use the domain name in violation of any applicable laws or regulations.
It is your responsibility to determine whether your domain name registration infringes upon or violates someone else's rights. IRNIC reserves the right to cancel domains that appear to be in violation of a third party's rights.
3. Cancellations, Transfers, and Changes
We will cancel, transfer or otherwise make changes to domain name registrations under the following circumstances:
Subject to the provisions of Paragraph 8, our receipt of written or appropriate electronic instructions from you or your authorized agent to take such action;
Our receipt of an order from a court or arbitral tribunal, in each case of competent jurisdiction, requiring such action; and/or
Our receipt of a decision of an Administrative Panel requiring such action in an administrative proceeding to which you were a party and which was conducted under this Policy or a later version of this Policy adopted by IRNIC.
We may also cancel, transfer or otherwise make changes to a domain name registration in accordance with the terms of your Registration Agreement or other legal requirements.
4. Mandatory Administrative Proceeding
This Paragraph sets forth the type of disputes for which you are required to submit to a mandatory administrative proceeding. These proceedings will be conducted before one of the administrative-dispute-resolution service providers listed Dispute Resolution Providers (each, a "Provider").
Applicable Disputes. You are required to submit to a mandatory administrative proceeding in the event that a third party (a "complainant") asserts to the applicable Provider, in compliance with the Rules of Procedure, that
your domain name is identical or confusingly similar to a trademark or service mark in which the complainant has rights; and
you have no rights or legitimate interests in respect of the domain name; and
your domain name has been registered or is being used in bad faith.
In the administrative proceeding, the complainant must prove that each of these three Elements is present.
Evidence of Registration and Use in Bad Faith. For the purposes of Paragraph 4(a)(iii), the following circumstances, in particular but without limitation, if found by the Panel to be present, shall be evidence of the registration and use of a domain name in bad faith:
circumstances indicating that you have registered or you have acquired the domain name primarily for the purpose of selling, renting, or otherwise transferring the domain name registration to the complainant who is the owner of the trademark or service mark or to a competitor of that complainant, for valuable consideration in excess of your documented out-of-pocket costs directly related to the domain name; or
you have registered the domain name in order to prevent the owner of the trademark or service mark from reflecting the mark in a corresponding domain name, provided that you have engaged in a pattern of such conduct; or
you have registered the domain name primarily for the purpose of disrupting the business of the complainant; or
by using the domain name, you have intentionally attempted to attract, for commercial gain, Internet users to your web site or other location, by creating a likelihood of confusion with the complainant's mark as to the source, sponsorship, affiliation, or endorsement of your web site or location or of a product or service on your web site or location.
How to Demonstrate Your Rights to and Legitimate Interests in the Domain Name in Responding to a Complaint. When you receive a complaint, you should refer to Paragraph 5 of the Rules of Procedure in determining how your response should be prepared. Any of the following circumstances, in particular but without limitation, if found by the Panel to be proved based on its evaluation of all evidence presented, shall demonstrate your rights or legitimate interests to the domain name for purposes of Paragraph 4(a)(ii):
before any notice to you of the dispute, your use of, or demonstrable preparations to use, the domain name or a name corresponding to the domain name in connection with a bona fide offering of goods or services; or
you (as an individual, business, or other organization) have been commonly known by the domain name, even if you have acquired no trademark or service mark rights; or
you are making a legitimate noncommercial or fair use of the domain name, without intent for commercial gain to misleadingly divert consumers or to tarnish the trademark or service mark at issue.
Selection of Provider. complainant shall select the Provider from among those approved by IRNIC by submitting the complaint to that Provider. The selected Provider will administer the proceeding, except in cases of consolidation as described in Paragraph 4(f).
Initiation of Proceeding and Process and Appointment of Administrative Panel. The Rules of Procedure state the process for initiating and conducting a proceeding and for appointing the panel that will decide the dispute (the "Administrative Panel").
Consolidation. In the event of multiple disputes between you and a complainant, either you or the complainant may petition to consolidate the disputes before a single Administrative Panel. This petition shall be made to the first Administrative Panel appointed to hear a pending dispute between the parties. This Administrative Panel may consolidate before it any or all such disputes in its sole discretion, provided that the disputes being consolidated are governed by this Policy or a later version of this Policy adopted by IRNIC.
Fees. All fees charged by a Provider in connection with any dispute before an Administrative Panel pursuant to this Policy shall be paid by the complainant, except in cases where you elect to expand the Administrative Panel from one to three panelists as provided in Paragraph 5(b)(iv) of the Rules of Procedure, in which case all fees will be split evenly by you and the complainant.
Our Involvement in Administrative Proceedings. We do not, and will not, participate in the administration or conduct of any proceeding before an Administrative Panel. In addition, we will not be liable as a result of any decisions rendered by the Administrative Panel.
Remedies. The remedies available to a complainant pursuant to any proceeding before an Administrative Panel shall be limited to requiring the cancellation of your domain name or the transfer of your domain name registration to the complainant.
Notification and Publication. The Provider shall notify us of any decision made by an Administrative Panel with respect to a domain name you have registered with us. All decisions under this Policy will be published in full over the Internet, except when an Administrative Panel determines in an exceptional case to redact portions of its decision.
Availability of Court Proceedings. The mandatory administrative proceeding requirements set forth in Paragraph 4 shall not prevent either you or the complainant from submitting the dispute to the courts of the Islamic Republic of Iran for independent resolution before such mandatory administrative proceeding is commenced or after such proceeding is concluded. If an Administrative Panel decides that your domain name registration should be canceled or transferred, we will wait ten (10) business days (as observed in the location of our principal office) after we are informed by the applicable Provider of the Administrative Panel's decision before implementing that decision. We will then implement the decision unless we have received from you during that ten (10) business day period official documentation (such as a copy of a complaint, file-stamped by the clerk of the court) that you have commenced a lawsuit against the complainant. If we receive such documentation within the ten (10) business day period, we will not implement the Administrative Panel's decision, and we will take no further action, until we receive (i) evidence satisfactory to us of a resolution between the parties; (ii) evidence satisfactory to us that your lawsuit has been dismissed or withdrawn; or (iii) a copy of an order from such court dismissing your lawsuit or ordering that you do not have the right to continue to use your domain name.
5. All Other Disputes and Litigation
All other disputes between you and any party other than us regarding your domain name registration that are not brought pursuant to the mandatory administrative proceeding provisions of Paragraph 4 shall be resolved between you and such other party through any court, arbitration or other proceeding that may be available.
6. Our Involvement in Disputes
We will not participate in any way in any dispute between you and any party other than us regarding the registration and use of your domain name. You shall not name us as a party or otherwise include us in any such proceeding. In the event that we are named as a party in any such proceeding, we reserve the right to raise any and all defenses deemed appropriate, and to take any other action necessary to defend ourselves.
7. Maintaining the Status Quo
We will not cancel, transfer, activate, deactivate, or otherwise change the status of any domain name registration under this Policy except as provided in Paragraph 3 above.
8. Transfer During a Dispute
You may not transfer your domain name registration to another holder (i) during a pending administrative proceeding brought pursuant to Paragraph 4 or for a period of twenty(20) business days (as observed in the location of our principal place of business) after such proceeding is concluded; or (ii) during a pending court proceeding or arbitration commenced regarding your domain name unless the party to whom the domain name registration is being transferred agrees, in writing, to be bound by the decision of the court or arbitrator. We reserve the right to cancel any transfer of a domain name registration to another holder that is made in violation of this subparagraph.
9. Policy Modifications
We reserve the right to modify this Policy at any time We will post our revised Policy at Dispute Resolution Policy at least thirty (30) calendar days before it becomes effective. Unless this Policy has already been invoked by the submission of a complaint to a Provider, in which event the version of the Policy in effect at the time it was invoked will apply to you until the dispute is over, all such changes will be binding upon you with respect to any domain name registration dispute, whether the dispute arose before, on or after the effective date of our change. In the event that you object to a change in this Policy, your sole remedy is to cancel your domain name registration with us, provided that you will not be entitled to a refund of any fees you paid to us. The revised Policy will apply to you until you cancel your domain name registration.